PQ1HO6 NAME                                                                       DATE MEASUREMENT CHART

 

PROPERTY            GENERAL MEANING        |INSTRUMENT (HOW GOTTEN)               | METRIC UNITS

                                                                                                                              ENGLISH UNITS

 

LENGTH                  point to point straight           Ruler      Meter (m), Centimeter (cm), km

                                                                                                                                                                        inches ("), feet ('), yards (yd), miles (m)

           

AREA                        2 dimensional space                Ruler (Length times Width), Formula                                square meter (m2 ), centimeter squared

                                                                                                                                                                        acre, square feet, square miles, square inches

 

VOLUME                       3 dimensional space                Ruler (Length times Width times Height)                 cubic centimeter (cc), meters cubed (m3

                                    how much space it takes up                                                                                        cubic inches, cubic feet

 

                                    how much liquid it holds or    Liquid container, or displacement/overflow       liters (l), milliters (ml)= 1 cubic centimeter

                                    displaces (capacity)                           (subtract)                                                      ounces (oz),pints, quarts, gallons

 

MASS                           amount of matter                    Balance with known masses                                        grams (g), kilograms (kg), centigrams (cg)

                                                                                                                                                                        slugs

 

WEIGHT and                 force of gravity on object       Scale, spring                                                               newtons (n), dynes (d)

FORCE/PRESSURE push/pull                                                                                                                ounces, pounds (lb), tons

 

TEMPERATURE            average heat per molecule                  Thermometer                                                              degrees Celsius, degrees Kelvin (Celsius + 273)

                                                                                                                                                                        degrees Fahrenheit

 

DENSITY                      mass per volume,                   MASS divided by VOLUME                                           grams per cubic centimeter

                                    how tightly packed                                                                                         

 

SPEED                         distance per time                    DISTANCE divided by TIME                                         kilometers per hour (kph), meters per second (mps)

                                    rate of travel                                                                                                              miles per hour (mph), feet per second (fps)

 

ACCELERATION            rate of speed increase             change in speed divided by TIME                                 meters per second per second

                                                                                                                                                                        feet per second per second

 

ENERGY/WORK           force times distance,              force times distance, heat output                               joules (j), calories (c), kiloCalories (C)

                                    energy output                                                                                                  ElectronVolts(eV), FootPounds(ft-lb), Kilowatt hour (kW-h), ergs (e),

 

PRESSURE                   Force per Area                                                                                                            lbs per sq in, Pascals, mm Hg, atmospheres, torr

 


METRIC PREFIXES      NAME   MULTIPLIER                           PLACE              EXPONENT

 

 

 

exa        E          1018       =          1,000,000,000,000,000,000

penta     P          1015       =          1,000,000,000,000,000

 

                                    TERA    1,000,000,000,000                        trillion            +12

                                   

                                    GIGA     1,000,000,000            billion             +9

 

                                    MEGA   1,000,000          million            +6

 

                                    KILO    1000          thousand          +3

 

Move decimal to left by change in levels

 
                                    HECTO 100           hundred           +2

 

                                    DECA    10        ten               +1

 
 


                                    ---     1       one           +0

 

                                    DECI    .1 or 1/10       tenth              -1

 

                                    CENTI  .01 or 1/100    hundreth         -2

 

                                    MILLI  .001 or 1/1000   thousandth       -3

 

                                    MICRO .000001 or 1/1000000   millionth         -6

 

                                    NANO   .000000001 or 1/000000000      billionth -9

 

                                    PICO    .000000000001 or 1/1000000000000   trillionth -12

 

femto    f           10-15    =          0.000,000,000,000,0001

atto       a           10-18    =          0.000,000,000,000,000,0001

 

 

MASS: 1 kg= 2.21 pounds on Earth, 1 lb= .45 kg , 1 gram =0.035 ounces, 1 ounce = 28 grams, 16 ounces = 1lb

WEIGHT (FORCE): 1 Newton = 0.225 lbs, 1 lb = 4.45 Newtons, 1 Newton = 100000 dynes, 1 kg = 9.8 Newtons, 1 Newton = 0.102 kg, 1N =3.57 oz

 

LENGTH: 12 in = 1 ft, 3 ft = 1 yd, 5280 ft = 1 mile, 1 in = 2.54 cm, 1 foot = 30 cm, 1 yard = 0.9 meters, 1 mile = 1.6 kilometer,

1 kilometer = 0.6 miles, 1 meter = 3.3 feet, 1 meter =39.37 inches, 1 meter = 1.09 yards, 1cm = 0. 4 inches, 1mm = 0.04 inches

 

VOLUME: 6 ounce = 1 teaspoon, 1 ounce = 30 ml, 1 ml = 0.03 ounces, 32 ounces = 1 quart, 2 pints = 1 quart   , 4 quarts = 1 gallon,

            1 quart = 0.95 liters, 1 liter = 1.06 quarts, 1 gallon = 3.8 liters,1 cubic meter = 35 cubic feet, 1 cubic foot = .03 cubic meters,

1 cubic centimeter = 1 milliliter     WATER: 1 gram has volume of 1 milliter.

 

TEMPERATURE: degrees Kelvin = Celsius +273, Celsius=(Fahrenheit-32)*5/9, Fahrenheit = (9/5*Celsius)+32

 

SPEED: 1 mile per hour = .44704 meters/sec TIME: 1 hour = 60 minutes = 3600 seconds