NAME__Answers_____                                PHYSICS ACC PROBLEMS 1

                                                                                   

 

 

Solve with: formulas,  D-T and V-T graphs, or Interactive Physics!

 

D= Vavg T      Vavg = (Vi + Vf) / 2  (if A is constant)    A = (Vf-Vi) /T

 

D-T graph, slope is velocity                V-T graph area is displacement, slope is accel

 

 

1) While driving his sports car at 20 m/s Eddie comes up behind a slow moving dump truck and decides to pass it. If he can accelerate at a rate of 5 m/s/s, how long will it take him to reach a speed of 30 m/s ?

Vi= 20 m/s,     A= 5 m/s^2,    Vf= 30 m/s,     T = ??

 

A = (Vf-Vi)/T              5 = (30-20)/T              5T = 10           T = 2 sec

 


           

 

 

 

 

 

 

2) A jet taxing down a runway receives word that it must return to the hangar for an important message.  The jet is traveling at 45 m/s . What is the acceleration of the plane if it takes 5 sec to bring it to a halt?

Vi = 45 m/s,    Vf= 0,              T = 5 sec,        A= ??

 

A= (Vf-Vi)/T               A= (45-0)/5     A= 9 m/s^2

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


3) Hans stands at the rim of the Grand Canyon and yodels. He hears his yodel 5 sec later. (2.5 sec to go down, 2.5 sec to come back) Assume that the speed of sound is 340 m/s . How deep is the canyon?

T= 5/2 = 2.5 sec,         Vavg= 340 m/s            D=??

 

D=VavgT        D= 340*2.5 = 840 m

 

 

4) Monica is walking to the hairdresser at 1.3 m/s, then realizes she is going to be late. She quickens her pace at the rate of .09 m/s/s . What is her speed after 10 s?  How far has she traveled in this time?

 Vi = 1.3 m/s, A = .09 m/s^2, T= 10 sec, Vf=??, D=??

 

A= (Vf-Vi)/T               .09 = (Vf-1.3)/10         10*.09 = Vf-1.3         

Vf=1.3+.9 = 2.2 m/s=Vf

 

D=VavgT        Vavg=(Vi+Vf)/2  Vavg=(1.3+2.2)/2 = 1.75 m/s=Vavg

 

D = (1.75 m/s) * 10 sec = 17.5 m=D

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 



5) Bobby wants to catch up with his friend in the hallway. His friend is 10 m ahead of him, walking at 3 m/s. If Bobby constantly accelerates at a rate of 2 m/s/s from rest, how long till he catches up to his friend? How far? What is his speed at that time?

Friend:           Vavg= 3m/s     D=10+VavgT              D= 10 +3T

Bobby:                        Vi=0    Vavg=(Vi+Vf)/2=Vf/2                        A= 2 m/s^2

 

                        A=(Vf-Vi)/T                2 = Vf/T          Vf=2T

            D= Vavg T      D= (Vf/2)T      D= (2T/2)T     D=T^2

           

            Friend             D=10+3T                    Bobby              D=T^2

                                    10+3T             =          T^2

                                    0 = T^2-3T-10

                                    Solve….. T=+5 or -2, so obviously T=+5 seconds!

                        D=10+3T=10+3(5)= 25 m or D =T^2=5^2=25m

                        Bobby Vf=0+2(T)=2(5)=10 m/s

 

Better to solve this one on a graph!!!!

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


On a V-T graph, look to where the areas under the graph are the same…. Not where the velocities are equal!

 

See car passing van interactive physics for an example of this!

** HONORS

6) Frank is going 4 m/s for 5 seconds. If I start 2 m ahead of him going 9 m/s, at what rate will I have to deaccelerate so I will be in the same spot as him after 5 sec?

 

 

Frank: Vavg= 4m/s, T= 5 sec, D= VavgT D=4(5)=20 m

 

me: Di=2, Vi=9m/s, T=5sec, Vf=?, A=?, Df=20 m

            D= 20-2=18m = Vavg T=Vavg (5)

                        Vavg = D/T = 18/5 = 3.6 m/s

            Vavg =( Vi+Vf)/2        3.6 = (9+Vf)/2

                                                7.2 =9 + Vf     Vf= -1.8 m/s

            A= (Vf-Vi)/T               A= ( -1.8-9)/5  = -10.8/5 = -2.16 m/s^2 =A

 

 

7) A bird is flying along at 60 m/s and reaches a constantly increasing force of wind which causes the bird to deaccelerate at the rate of 12 m/s/s. How far will the bird have gone after 15 seconds? What will its velocity be at that time?

 

Vi = 60 m/s, A = -12 m/s^2, T= 15 s, D =??, Vf =??

 

A= (Vf-Vi)/T               -12 = (Vf-60)/15         Vf= 60 + -12(15) = -120 m/s= Vf

D=VavgT        D = (Vi+Vf)/2 T          D= (60+-120)/2 (15) = -30*15 = -450 m = D

 

 

 

 

8) What speed do I have to start at if I want to go 200 meters accelerating at the rate of 4 m/s/s for 10 seconds?

 

Vi = ??, D= 200m, A = 4 m/s^2, T = 10 s

 

D= (Vavg)T    200=Vavg(10)             Vavg = 200/10            =20 m/s

 

A= (Vf-Vi)/T               4 = (Vf-Vi)/10             40 = Vf-Vi       Vf=40+Vi

Vavg = (Vi+Vf)/2        20 = (Vi+Vf)2             40=Vi+Vf        40=Vi+40+Vi             

0=2Vi, Vi=0!!